Cooking Temperatures

Oct 6th, 2009 | By | Category: Featured, Process

Here’s a statistic that should entice you to read this article.  Did you know that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that every year about 76 million people in the United States become ill from harmful bacteria in food; of these, about 5,000 die? 

How can you help protect yourself and others from getting a foodborne illness? 
Get Yourself a Thermometer
These days, food thermometers aren’t just for your holiday roasts—they’re for all cuts and sizes of meat and poultry, including hamburgers, chicken breasts, and pork chops. Using a food thermometer when meat, poultry, and even egg dishes is the only reliable way to make sure you are preparing a safe and delicious meal for your family.

Why Use a Food Thermometer?
Everyone is at risk for foodborne illness. One effective way to prevent illness is to use a food thermometer to check the internal temperature of meat, poultry, and egg dishes. Using a food thermometer not only keeps your family and customers safe from harmful food bacteria, but it also helps you to avoid overcooking, giving you a safe and flavorful meal.

Some people may be at a higher risk for developing foodborne illnesses. These include pregnant women and their unborn babies and newborns, young children, older adults, people with weakened immune systems, and individuals with certain chronic illnesses. These people should pay extra attention to handle food safely.

What Are the Signs of Foodborne Illness?
The signs and symptoms of foodborne illness range from upset stomach, diarrhea, fever, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and dehydration, to more severe illness—even death. Consumers can take simple measures to reduce their risk of foodborne illness, especially in the home.

Using a Food Thermometer
Use an instant-read food thermometer to check the internal temperature toward the end of the cooking time, but before the food is expected to be “done.”   The food thermometer should be placed in the thickest part of the food and should not be touching bone, fat, or gristle.   Compare your thermometer reading to the USDA Recommended Safe Minimum Internal to determine if your food has reached a safe temperature.   Make sure to clean your food thermometer with hot, soapy water before and after each use!

Large-dial oven-safe or oven-probe thermometers may be used for the duration of cooking.

Because there are so many types of food thermometers, it is important to follow the instructions for your food thermometer.

USDA Recommended Safe Minimum Internal Temperatures

Steaks & Roasts – 145 °F
Fish – 145 °F
Pork – 160 °F
Ground Beef – 160 °F
Egg Dishes – 160 °F
Chicken Breasts – 165 °F
Whole Poultry – 165 °F

Seeing Isn’t Believing
Many people assume that if a hamburger is brown in the middle, it is done. However, looking at the color and texture of food is not enough—you have to use a food thermometer to be sure! According to USDA research, 1 out of every 4 hamburgers turns brown before it reaches a safe internal temperature. The only safe way to know if meat, poultry, and egg dishes are “done” is to use a food thermometer. When a hamburger is cooked to 160 °F, it is both safe and delicious!

Be Food Safe! Prepare With Care
Know how to prepare, handle, and store food safely to keep you and your family safe. Bacteria can grow on meat, poultry, seafood, eggs, and dairy products, as well as cut-up or cooked vegetables and fruits.

CLEAN: Wash hands and surfaces often
Wash your hands with warm, soapy water for 20 seconds before and after handling food. Wash your cutting boards, dishes, etc., with hot, soapy water after preparing each food item. Wash fruits and vegetables with cold water before using. There is no need to wash or rinse meat or poultry.

SEPARATE: Don’t cross-contaminate make sure you separate raw, cooked, and ready-to-eat foods while shopping, preparing, or storing. Never place cooked food on a plate which previously held raw meat, poultry, or seafood.

COOK: Cook food to proper temperatures
Use a food thermometer to be sure!

CHILL: Refrigerate Promptly
Refrigerate or freeze perishables, prepared foods, and leftovers within 2 hours or sooner.

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  1. For convenience stores, what is the minimum temperature a hot dog should be cooked to? Also, where do I find this regulation?


  2. I’m not sure but the USDA is a good source for this kind of information. Take a look at this page. I would imagine that if you comply with these, you’d be all set…

    Rich Scherlitz

  3. An oven food thermometer works about the same as a microwave model, only it’s intended for use in an oven. This is helpful when cooking big meals, like turkey, so that you can make sure the meal is fully cooked. Also that way, especially with poultry, you can be sure that the meal has approached a safe temperature so that there is no risk of food illness when eating.

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